theory of constraints
См.: теория ограничений.
theory of constraintstheory of constraints - (TOC)A holistic management philosophy developed by Dr. Eliyahu M. Goldratt that is based on the principle that complex systems exhibit inherent simplicity, i.e., even a very complex system made up of thousands of people and pieces of equipment can have at any given time only a very, very small number of variables - perhaps only one (known as a constraint) - that actually limit the system's ability to generate more goal units.
See:constraint, goal, fundamental assumptions, holistic approach.